HomeTechnologyComputingAI art generator DreamUp illustrates the collision between artistic consent and AI...

AI art generator DreamUp illustrates the collision between artistic consent and AI datasets

I entered the prompts that produced these images.

Invent

Behind AI art is data — countless images used to be train an AI art generator. When a user types a prompt, the generator pulls apart those pre-existing images to produce a new combination of colors and shapes, a debatable new work of art.

AI art generators extract information from what they are exposed to, just like human artists. But there is a difference of scale in the way humans take input, process it and try to produce something new compared to AI.

When DeviantArt released its DreamUp AI art generator, there was immediate backlash from the community because community artwork is automatically opted in for use in AI datasets.

Creators would have to opt out manually to protect their work from future AI image training. However, the opt-out request would only take effect after their work was presumably used to train DreamUp in some capacity.

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Invent is an AI art generator that creates art based on clues, with roots in Stable spread. The ability to create art rests on content taken from the internet, without notice or permission from the artists who created the work. An artist on Twitter summed up the process well:

The content scraped from DeviantArt and other sources goes into a LAION dataset, which is then processed through machine learning, ultimately resulting in a 3D model. The opt-out request occurs before more machine learning, but does not apply to initial training.

DeviantArt solved concerns at an update that say:

  • They do not use art submitted to the DeviantArt community on DreamUp or other AI models or training sets.
  • They did not consent to images being scraped from the site by third parties.
  • To stop future unauthorized use of art when training AI models, they’re rolling out a “noai” flag that lets AI models know that the artist doesn’t want their work used. This is no guarantee that the artist’s wishes will be honored, but it is a start.

l DreamUp tested after seeing DeviantArt address the issues the artists raised. I had to sign up to use it and I had five free prompts to use. The prompt guidelines state the following: “Images inspired by other artists must clearly refer to that artist upon publication.

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My image was inspired by a dream I had (thanks, subconsciously) and my prompt was, “A car shaped like a shoe driving down a highway.” Here are the three images DreamUp gave me in less than a minute:

DreamUp car images

Invent

Hmmm, I imagined a different shape, but I don’t mind the bottom picture.

DreamUp car image

Invent

I don’t feel comfortable praising myself for these images as I don’t think I was involved enough in making them, so I’ll credit the generator itself.

I also tried another prompt, “couple rides through space on rocket,” and got the following three new images:

DreamUp couple in rocketship images

Invent

My favorite of the three was the comic book:

DreamUp rocket graphics

Invent

Finally, I tried a prompt with my little brother’s “galaxy dragon Stephen Curry” favorite things. His favorite of the three was this one, although Steph Curry’s is number 30 and I’m sure he’s not playing for the Goory Boxty Terrors?

DreamUp Steph Curry image

Invent

These images were disjointed and had a melting, patchwork look. Still, it was fun experimenting with DreamUp. I see it more as a source of inspiration for art than a replacement.

The ease with which you can type something into a generator and create an image has led to art communities full of AI-generated images.

Some communities have completely banned AI art. This taps into a wider debate about what gives art value and how AI fits into the puzzle.

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Should it be a problem that countless data points of artworks are used to train AI that spit out art in under a minute, art that wins no less competitions?

The sheer amount of art you can create with AI eclipses in volume the one piece of human-made art that requires hours of thought and work. I think this can lead to a number of results:

  1. AI art is used more for inspiration than as the final output in the human creative process.
  2. Art enthusiasts prioritize “handmade” works by humans over AI-generated, more assembly-line pieces.
  3. Other creative industries, such as music and writing, eventually develop their own versions of generators.

The the potential with AI art generators is hugeand so are the possible consequences.

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