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Where Does Our Food Come From?

Where does our food come from?

Did you know that more than two-thirds of the national crops come from elsewhere?

Humans have been selecting and cultivating crops for specific traits since the origins of agriculture some 10,000 years ago, shaping where and what crops are grown today.

Now our food system is completely global and many of the world’s largest producers of staple crops are in countries far removed from their historical origins. For example, Brazil is now the largest producer of soybeans in the world, even though the crop originally comes from East Asia.

The infographic above Brazil Potash shows the historical origins of crops before they were domesticated around the world and the major producers of our staple crops today.

Producers of staple crops today

Basic crops are crops most routinely grown and consumed. These may vary by country, subject to availability.

In 2020, sugarcane, maize, wheat and rice made up about 50% of global crop production.

But when the production and distribution of staple crops is compromised, the consequences are felt worldwide. Let’s take a look at the countries that were in the top three producers of some of our staple crops in 2020.

Crop Country Percentage of global production
Sugar cane Brazil 40.5%
Sugar cane India 19.9%
Sugar cane China 5.8%
Maize USA 30.9%
Maize China 22.4%
Maize Brazil 8.9%
Wheat China 17.6%
Wheat India 14.1%
Wheat Russia 11.3%

As you can see from the data above, Brazil is the world’s largest producer of sugar cane and one of the top three producers of corn.

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The future of food security

Global food security depends on staple crops and the countries that produce them. As the world population is increasing, as is the need to grow more crops.

The FAO estimates that the world will need to increase its food production by 2050 by about 70% so as to feed an ever-growing population.

Early solutions to food security involved transplanting crops from other regions to supplement nutrition. Now crop yields must increase as the next evolution in strengthening our food security. Fertilizers are an essential step in this process and are an essential ingredient in the future of global food security. They provide essential nutrients that increase crop production and enhance nutritional security.

Brazil Potash extracts vital potash from the earth so that it can return to the earth as fertilizer, fortify food and continuously grow the agricultural sector.

click here for more information on fertilizer and food production in Brazil.



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